For a plant the flower may seem to be a jewel in the crown and parts of a flower may not be important. A plant or a tree that does not flower does not catch our attraction, if not our attention. A flower is of immense significance to us as it permeates in our lives on various occasions ranging from those of joy to those of grief, from those of welcome to those of worship. But we also usually do not pay any significance to parts of a flower. Parts of flower go unnoticed when we buy flowers, use it and then dump them to decay and rot.
But a flower for a plant is no ordinary component. It is an important part which is responsible for the growth of another plant. Therefore parts of a flower are equally important. In another way, without a flower, growth of another plant would seem highly unlikely if not impossible. The flower is the reproductive part of any flowering plant. The �flow� in the flower suggests that.
Like all species belonging to mother �Nature� a flower too has some parts that work harmoniously and complementarily towards the development and growth of a plant. Animals, insects and human beings are either male or female but not both. But the male and female parts of a flower can jointly co-exist in a flower. Such flowers are called as �Perfect� flowers. Likewise, there are imperfect flowers wherein the male parts of a flower are found in one flower and the female parts are found in another flower.
Essentially, there are four essential parts of a flower namely, sepal or calyx, petals or corolla, stamens, pistils or carpel. Flowers get distinguished from one another in the number of these shapes and parts.
The male parts of a flower are stamens. Stamens further get divided into filaments and anther. The anther produces and collects pollens which are specks of tiny particles, granular in appearance and aide fertilization of the ovule and formation of seed. Insects like bees, butterflies spread pollen from one flower to another. The anther is located on top of a fine hair-like stalk called the filament.
The carpel or the pistil forms the female part of a flower. It is further divided into the stigma, style, ovary and the ovule. The stigma is sticky bulb seen in the center of the flower. Here the pollen grains are received. Germination begins here. The stigma sits on top of the style, which projects the stigma away from the ovary so that contamination gets eliminated. By observing these parts of flower one can admire how nature wonderfully provides a measure against contamination.
Amongst other parts of a flower, the style is also important. It varies in length but not in �style�. The ovary located at the bottom of the flower contains the seeds inside and turns into the fruit that is eaten after fertilization. The ovule is within the ovary that becomes the seed after fertilization and is likened to egg in an animal.
Other important parts of a flower are the petals which happen to be the bright and the scented parts of a flower. These parts of a flower not only attract agents of pollination but us human beings too. The sepals or the calyx are the little green leaves that shield a flower bud or a flower before it blooms. A nectory contains nectar or sugar solution is amongst the parts of a flower that is present to attract insects and a receptacle attaches the flower with the stalk only later on to became a part of the fruit. The parts of a flower along with the flower as a whole never cease to amaze us!